A dental checkup typically involves several key steps to ensure your oral health is in good condition. Here’s what you can expect:

  1. Initial Examination:
    • The dentist will start by reviewing your dental and medical history. This includes asking about any current issues or concerns you may have.
  2. Professional Cleaning:
    • A dental hygienist will clean your teeth, removing any plaque and tartar buildup. This process involves scaling (removing tartar from above and below the gum line) and polishing (removing stains and plaque from the tooth surface).
  3. Examination of Teeth and Gums:
    • The dentist will thoroughly examine your teeth, gums, and mouth. They look for signs of tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health issues.
  4. X-Rays:
    • Depending on your age, risk of disease, and symptoms, the dentist may take X-rays. These help in diagnosing problems that aren’t visible during the initial examination, such as cavities between teeth, issues below the gum line, or problems with the jawbone.
  5. Oral Cancer Screening:
    • The dentist will check for signs of oral cancer by examining your mouth, throat, and neck for any lumps, lesions, or other abnormalities.
  6. Evaluation of Existing Dental Work:
    • The dentist will inspect any existing dental work (fillings, crowns, etc.) to ensure they are still intact and functioning properly.
  7. Bite and Jaw Assessment:
    • Your bite and jaw will be assessed to check for any issues, such as misalignment or grinding habits (bruxism).
  8. Discussion and Recommendations:
    • After the examination, the dentist will discuss their findings with you. They’ll provide recommendations for any necessary treatments or procedures, and give advice on maintaining or improving your oral health.
  9. Treatment Planning:
    • If any issues are detected, the dentist will create a treatment plan and discuss it with you, including potential costs and the number of visits required.
  10. Preventive Advice:
    • You’ll receive tips and advice on proper brushing, flossing techniques, and other aspects of daily oral care to prevent future problems.